India, a vast country with more than 1.3 billion has witnessed tremendous growth in the past few years. Whether it is in terms of GDP or infrastructure, there has been continuous growth. According to the statistics, even food production has increased by almost 2 times. Despite that India still does not have sufficient resources to feed its population. In this blog, we will look at how Commercial Hydroponics Farming in India can help amid the food crisis within the country and globally.
Global Scenario of Food Crisis
Before we understand how Hydroponics can be a solution to the food crisis, it is important to understand the scenario of the food crisis and the food industry. As per United Nations, it is estimated that the total world population will grow to 8.5 billion by 2030. This requires more than 80 percent food of what is produced at present to feed the population. When it comes to growing quality crops, only 65 percent of fertile land is available due to the rapid increase in urbanisation.
As per Food for Life Global, approximately 800 million people globally suffer due to not having enough food to eat, which means that every one person in nine people is unable to feed his/her stomach.
The World Health Organization also noted that one-third of children die due to a lack of inadequate nutrition. And with the unprecedented pandemic, this problem has elevated. There are several places where food distribution has been interrupted. Several individuals have lost their jobs and are unable to feed their families.
All these statistics are demotivating. Let us understand what are the possible reasons due to which the food crisis is increasing.
Why are we facing a food crisis?
- Scarcity of Farmable Land
With the ever-rising urbanisation, there is a growing problem of finding farmable land. Over the centuries, nearly half of the topsoil is depleted due to multiple reasons such as soil erosion, degradation in nutrients, salinity, etc. And as earlier mentioned the rise in population is leading to creating urban centres, where there is no farmland nearby. Whereas in the developing countries, bringing food from far places is not affordable, which has resulted in inflammation.
- Lack of Rainfall
One of the major reasons for the scarcity of food is drought. In dry regions, there is not enough rainfall to grow the crops. In these places, irrigation is challenging and quite expensive. Where there is not enough water, growing fruits and vegetables is impossible. The pattern of rainfall is also changing due to climate changes. Unpredictable rainfall leads to damaged crops and the farmland is also no longer useful to grow anything.
Poverty is one of the major challenges not only for developing countries but also for wealthy nations. It has a big contribution to world hunger. Families don’t have enough money to purchase food. They beg on the streets, go door to door, or try to survive on the leftovers found in the garbage. Others who have little money cannot afford the nutritions and vitamins that their body needs to remain healthy.
- Food Deserts
Food Deserts are regions where people have limited access to a variety of nutritional foods. If we take a look at first world countries like The United States, many citizens suffer from a lack of healthy and nutritional food. These places don’t have farmers’ markets or large grocery stores, hence they are forced to feed their family convenience food or junk food. Now that we have taken a close look at the different aspects of food scarcity globally, let us understand how starting a hydroponics business can be a solution to the food crisis.
What is Hydroponics?- An Overview
In simple words, Hydroponics Farming is eliminating soil and growing the crops indirectly in nutrient-rich water. In this advanced method, all you need is oxygen, fresh water, light, root support and nutrients to promote plant growth. Hence, Hydroponics Farming Setup can help people grow plants literally anywhere.
Hydroponics & Food Crisis
Hydroponics Farming Setup can be a futuristic solution to overcome all the problems that people around the globe are facing. It requires very less water supply when compared to the traditional methods. The following farming method also enables you to recycle the used water, which can be a big advantage for regions that face drought conditions. As hydroponic greens can be grown in different spaces whether it is a small patch of land or acres of land. The overly dense cities can grow plants in their home balcony or rooftops which will require no soil, hence soil erosion and degradation will never be an obstacle to worry about. In this method of farming rather than the plant pulling the vital nutrients from the soil, they get direct access to necessary nutrients from the water. This enhances the growth rate of the plants, and different types of seasonal fruits and vegetables can be grown around the year. With hydroponics farming, a large amount of food can be produced which can lower the cost of feeding people significantly. As these products don’t need a farm to grow, they can be set up in cities that face food problems-cutting down the cost of transportation and shipping.
Erasing food hunger would not be easy and the path is long. But Hydroponics Farming can be a gamechanger and make a significant difference. Brio Hydroponics is one of the leading providers of Hydroponics solutions. If you are looking to set up a hydroponics farm and diversifying your portfolio with our full mentorship throughout the growth journey, then reach out to us now.